knowledge


knowledge
In the Bible knowledge is not merely intellectual apprehension. It includes the emotions and personal relationships. Israel has a knowledge of God denied to other nations (Jer. 10:25; Isa. 37:20), and Moses is said even to know God face to face (Deut. 34:10). Among human beings sexual relations are spoken of as ‘knowing’ each other (Gen. 4:1; Luke 1:34, AV, NJB) and Hosea uses this language of intimacy to describe God's feelings for Israel (Hos. 4:1–2).
In the NT knowledge of God is the knowledge of his work fulfilled in Jesus (1 Cor. 2:2; Phil. 3:10). There are indeed certain facts which have to be known (2 Tim. 2:25) as well as the OT scriptures. The knowledge of God's mighty acts in creation and redemption is more than a theoretical knowledge, for it issues in love (1 Cor. 13:2) and is a gift [[➝ gifts]] of the Spirit [[➝ spirit]] (1 Cor. 12:8).
The later books of the NT are aware of some of the ideas that later issued into the religious movement of Gnosticism (gnosis = ‘knowledge’)—a theology, cult, and ethics which regarded salvation as acquired by an esoterical knowledge, often conveyed by a heavenly revealer. Some scholars believe that the Johannine writings have been penetrated by this type of belief. The writings discovered at Nag Hammadi provide good evidence of the beliefs of Gnosticism.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Knowledge — • Knowledge, being a primitive fact of consciousness, cannot, strictly speaking, be defined; but the direct and spontaneous consciousness of knowing may be made clearer by pointing out its essential and distinctive characteristics Catholic… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Knowledge — is defined (Oxford English Dictionary) variously as (i) expertise, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject, (ii) what is known in a particular field or in total;… …   Wikipedia

  • knowledge — know·ledge n 1 a: awareness or understanding esp. of an act, a fact, or the truth: actual knowledge (1) in this entry b: awareness that a fact or circumstance probably exists; broadly: constructive knowledge in this entry see also …   Law dictionary

  • knowledge — knowl‧edge [ˈnɒlɪdʒ ǁ ˈnɑː ] noun [uncountable] facts, skills and understanding gained through learning or experience: • Given its market knowledge, Price Waterhouse was able to provide a useful insight into each supplier. knowledge of • Auditors …   Financial and business terms

  • knowledge — knowledge, science, learning, erudition, scholarship, information, lore are comparable when they mean what is known or can be known, usually by an individual but sometimes by human beings in general. Knowledge applies not only to a body of facts… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Knowledge — Knowl edge, n. [OE. knowlage, knowlege, knowleche, knawleche. The last part is the Icel. suffix leikr, forming abstract nouns, orig. the same as Icel. leikr game, play, sport, akin to AS. l[=a]c, Goth. laiks dance. See {Know}, and cf. {Lake}, v.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • knowledge — ► NOUN 1) information and skills acquired through experience or education. 2) the sum of what is known. 3) awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation: he denied all knowledge of the incident. ● come to one s knowledge Cf …   English terms dictionary

  • knowledge — [näl′ij] n. [ME knoweleche, acknowledgment, confession < Late OE cnawlæc < cnawan (see KNOW) + læc < lācan, to play, give, move about] 1. the act, fact, or state of knowing; specif., a) acquaintance or familiarity (with a fact, place,… …   English World dictionary

  • Knowledge — Knowl edge, v. t. To acknowledge. [Obs.] Sinners which knowledge their sins. Tyndale. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • knowledge — knowledge, sociology of …   Dictionary of sociology

  • knowledge — (n.) early 12c., cnawlece acknowledgment of a superior, honor, worship; for first element see KNOW (Cf. know). Second element obscure, perhaps from Scandinavian and cognate with the lock action, process, found in WEDLOCK (Cf. wedlock). Meaning… …   Etymology dictionary


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